Bartolomé Island

Bartolomé Island is a small island of approximately 0.5 square miles (1.29 sq. km) that is a part of the Galapagos island group. It is named after Sir Bartholomew James Sullivan, who was a lieutenant aboard the HMS Beagle and friend of the famous biologist, Charles Darwin. A geological age of 1.5-2 million years old makes Bartolomé considerably younger than many of the other islands. The volcanic landscape makes up much of the environment and is a result of an extinct volcano on which the island sits. An abundance of greens, reds, oranges and glistening black volcanic formations throughout the landscape comprise a significant amount of the overall area. Throughout history, parts of the island have formed through various environmental occurrences including splatter cones, eroded tuff formations and fresh lava flows. A variety of bird and plant species reside in the area. The majority of vegetative species consists of pioneer plants with some halophytic plants also present.