African Elephants: Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta has the highest population density of African Elephants in the world. There are two species of the African Elephant: the bush elephant (largest living terrestrial animal) and the forest elephant (third largest). These mammals are highly intelligent; they display mimicry, grief, learning and memory skills. Key physical features include large ears, a trunk and tusks, each of which play a crucial role in survival. The ears of an elephant are not only used for amplifying sound but serve as a means of heat dissipation. Tusks have a variety of functions that include: fending off predators, digging for roots and fighting during mating season. The trunk of an elephant is composed of 150,000 muscles and acts as a fifth limb.