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December 5, 2008
The Southern Rockhopper inhabits the Falkland Islands, located in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. Distinguishable characteristics include the animal’s smaller size and yellow supercilium. Members weigh between 4.4 to 7.5 lbs. (2 to 3.4 kg) and reach lengths of 18 to 23 inches (46 to 58 cm). These measurements make the Southern Rockhopper the smallest species belonging to the genus Eudyptes. Breeding season lasts for three months: from September to November. During this period, individuals form large nesting colonies; locations include cliff tops and areas inland. Small caves and rocky slopes make ideal sites for nests, which are constructed from tussock, pebbles and peat. While clutches consist of two eggs, one typically does not get incubated. The reasoning for this is unknown. Eggs undergo an incubation period of 35 days. Instances of interbreeding with other penguin species have occurred.